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Proceeding Panji 2018_ENGLISH.pdf

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Panji’s story emerged about the 13th century towards the end of King Airlangga’s reign in the Singasari Kingdom. Panji’s story itself is related to the fragment of the story as long as King Airlangga gave two areas, each of which was dedicated to his two sons. One area is to the east of the Berantas river named Jenggala, and another region to the west of the Berantas river named Panjalu. The Panjalu region is today known as Daha, which is now called Kediri. It was recorded in history that the brothers who led Jenggala and Panjalu always had conflicts or wars. On the contrary, in Panji’s story which later became a Javanese legend, the brothers who led Jenggala and Panjalu actually lived in harmony. The king of Jenggala has a crown prince named Panji Inu Kertapati, also known as Panji Asmarabangun. The King of Kediri has a crown daughter named Dewi Sekartaji or Candrakirana. Two kings of brothers agreed to match Panji Inu Kertapati with Dewi Sekartaji. But before the marriage Dewi Sekartaji was kidnapped and lost from the kingdom. From here comes the various versions of the Panji story which are always marked by wandering, disguising, and romance. The Panji story is thus original from Java, especially East Java which appeared around the 13th century AD. But in its development, from the 17th to the 21st century, the popularity of the Indian Mahabarata and Ramayana stories was more popular and better known to the public than the Panji story. In order to regain memories of the Panji story with all the values contained in it, the “International Panji Festival” was held. The International Panji Festival in Yogyakarta is a series of the International Panji Festival organized by the Ministry of Education and Culture of Jakarta in collaboration with four regional governments; DKI Jakarta, Bali, East Java, and the Yogyakarta Special Region Government. Relating to this events in Yogyakarta includes three activities which are thematically derived from the Panji story; 1) “Senirupa Panji” visual arts exhibition, 2) Panji dance performances and dramatics, and 3) Panji story seminars of various dimensions. Two Southeast Asian countries, Cambodia and Thailand, each with repertoire of Panji performances also participated in this festival. In the exhibition of Senirupa Panji, visitors can see various expressions of Panji art, both in the form of paintings, sculptures, and art crafts. Visitors can also see the wayang beber sheets, gedog, and wayang klitik puppets, as well as literature sources about Panji. While the stage shows a number of dance/drama repertoires originating from the Panji story with headgear characterized by ‘tekes’, Guntur Segara dance, for example, the Keraton Yogyakarta’s dance that has something to do with the son of ‘Amiluhur’ king in Jenggala. Jathilan folk art is likewise, besides covering it up, there are also the emergence of two Bancak and Doyok clowns (Pentul and Tembem). The Panji drama entitled “Sekartaji Kembar” is presented in the form of a mask drama. Furthermore, the repertoire of Panji performances from Thailand and Cambodia at the same time shows a trace of history that the spread of Panji’s story is not only in various parts of the archipelago, but also to countries in Southeast Asia. Thus the story of Panji contained the spirit of mediation which had influence to the regions of the peninsula of Southeast Asia.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Other)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Panji, jathilan, horse dance
Subjects: Tari > Pengkajian Tari
Divisions: Fakultas Seni Pertunjukan > Jurusan Pedalangan
Depositing User: agus tiawan AT
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2019 08:14
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2019 08:14

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